a.) Fungi produce O2 and make it available to nearby plants for use in the carbon cycle.
b.) Fungi release water from the soil and break it up into its constituent elements, thus freeing up hydrogen atoms for the carbon cycle.
c.) Fungi accelerate the carbon cycle by breaking down wood and thus freeing up carbon atoms.
d.) Fungi fix carbon and produce O2 just like plants do during photosynthesis.
A) All members are photosynthetic.
B) Members absorb dissolved organic matter.
C) Members absorb dissolved inorganic matter.
D) All members are microscopic.
E) All members are macroscopic.
a. The stolon transports water and nutrients, while the mycelium releases spores.
b. The stolon contains sporangia, while the mycelium stores water and nutrients.
c. The stolons of two fungi connect to form gametangia, while the mycelium is made up of hyphae.
d. The stolon releases enzymes to break down food, while the mycelium provides structure and support.
A. By forming symbiotic relationships with animals
B. By being parasitic on plants and animals
C. By acting as decomposers on dead plants and animals
A. Hyphae are 100 to 1,000 times larger than plant roots
B. Mycelia are able to grow in the direction of food.
C. Fungi secrete extracellular enzymes that can break down large molecules.
D. Hyphae have a smaller surface area-to-volume ratio than do the hairs on a plant root.
A) the haploid state is dominant in both groups
B) both groups are predominantly autotrophs that produce their own food
C) both groups use chitin for support
D) both groups have cell walls
A) Fungi can reproduce asexually, while animals cannot.
B) Fungi are heterotrophs, while animals are not.
C) Fungal cells are prokaryotic, while animal cells are eukaryotic.
D) Fungal cells have cell walls, while animal cells do not.