How many Phytocannabinoids are there 2021?

Phytocannabinoids are a class of compounds that interact with the endocannabinoid system. Phytocannabinoids are plant-based molecules that interact with receptors in the human body’s endocannibinoid system (ECS). There is still much research being done on phytocannabinoids as their effects can vary depending on what type of receptor it binds to within the ECS and its concentration. This article will explain what phytocannabinoids are, how many there are, and why they’re so important to our health. 

Cannabis contains at least 144 compounds that have been identified as terpenophenolic phytocannabinoids. These include cannabidiol and other substances with potential antiepileptic properties in animal models. There are a variety of types of active compounds found within marijuana, which have different cannabinoids containing their own unique bioactive qualities.

Phytocannabinoids, plant-derived cannabinoids are the cannabis plant’s trichomes, which produce cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), as well as over 100 other cannabinoids that have not been studied. Thus far, research appears to support the benefits of phytocannabinoid compounds such as pain relief, reduction in anxiety and inflammation, among others. In addition to THC and CBD, here are other cannabinoids:

THC-acid (THCA)

CBD-acid (CBDA)

Cannabigerol (CBG)

Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA)

Cannabichromene (CBC)

Cannabichromenolic acid (CBCA)

Cannabichromevarin (CBCV)

Cannabichromevarinolic acid (CBCVA)

Cannabidivarin (CBDV)

Cannabidivarinolic acid (CBDVA), and

Cannabinol (CBN)

Cannabis has been shown to have a wide range of therapeutic effects, which is why there are currently many studies on the drug. More research needs to be done on its side-effects and how it interacts with other drugs before we can fully understand its long term implications for patients who take it medically or recreationally. Marijuana’s effect on people’s mental health is one area that still needs more study in order to better inform public policy decisions about cannabis use.